Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania's Faculty of Dentistry have proven a link between dental disease and early pregnancy. The results are reported in the BJOG International Journal of Femininity.Numerous factors have been associated with an increase in preterm incidence. Examples include low BMI, alcohol consumption, and smoking. The present study has shown that oral infections also contribute to increased risk.22 Pregnant patients with gingivitis were studied. Half of the pregnant women received only oral care advice, others removed their tartar and disinfected their teeth. The incidence of premature death was high in both groups, with 52.4% in the untreated and 45.6% in the treated group. However, the difference is not statistically significant. The researchers then investigated whether treatment options were effective and correlated with the incidence of premature birth.
Participants were also examined 20 weeks after the treatment. Out of the 160 women treated, 49 percent had only successful treatment, with only 8 percent born before the 37th week of pregnancy. In contrast, 111 of the women who did not have effective dental treatment had rates of 69 and 62, respectively. So, those who did not have a satisfactory outcome in dental treatment had a much higher incidence of preterm birth than those who became ill after the treatment. The average age of the examined mothers in the survey was 23.7 years, 90 percent of whom did not go to the dentist for the purpose of depuration (tooth decay, dental treatment).
"The first thing that emerged from the survey was that it is safe to treat tooth diseases while pregnant," said Professor Marjorie Jeffcoat, author of the article. "At the same time, it has also been found that high-risk pregnancies have contributed to successful dental care, along with maternal care, with lower rates of decline."
Future experiments will investigate the effects of disinfecting effective mouthwaters on premature birth. Scientists have previously found a link between tooth diseases and increased levels of prostaglandin and tumor necrosis factor, which play a role in early onset of pregnancy. It is clear from this survey that only effective tooth management reduces the incidence of premature birth. It is important to point out that, out of 69 percent of the baby, the treatment was not effective enough. Much more effective treatment is needed because only complete healing will lead to a reduction in the risk of premature birth.